Pilates is an exercise form originally created by German Joseph Pilates to help him recover from a prolonged illness. It combines aspects of yoga, gymnastics and the theory of "core" muscles being the foundation of the body.


There are "5 Key Elements" of Pilates, which are kept at all times in the body to allow for safe, effective and efficient exercise.


These are:

  1. Lateral Breathing

  2. Neutral spinal placement

  3. Shoulder blade placement

  4. Rib cage placement

  5. Centering (core muscle activation)


The core muscles are a group of deep abdominal and spinal muscles that stabilise the spine. The core includes the pelvic floor, transversus abdominus and multifidus. (see image)


Different exercises of the Pilates reportoire work on the various elements of good movement.

This includes body awareness, control, posture, strength and specific muscle group activation.


The core muscles

For more information on Esther's method of training or about pilates see Australian Pilates Physiotherapy Institute (APPI)

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Lily House - Physiotherapy & 121 Pilates


St Andrews Church - Pilates Classes

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